DEVELOPING A FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR SOUTH AFRICA

V.G. Twala, T. Auf der Heyde, P.J. Bredell, L. Pretorius

Abstract


ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The search for consensus on spent fuel management (SFM) strategies in the nuclear industry has become complex, not least in the South African context. This study identifies three SFM options: reprocessing-and-recycling, direct disposal, and indefinite storage. From the contentious issues surrounding the SFM options, a framework for evaluating the options and selecting a preferred SFM option for South Africa is proposed. It consists of evaluation criteria categorised into nine dimensions: technological, safety, environmental, proliferation, security, economic, sociopolitical, ethical, and institutional. The frameworks comprehensiveness shows that SFM options have developed to a stage where South Africa can make an informed policy decision on the strategy it wishes to pursue.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die soeke na eenstemmigheid rondom strategievir die hantering van verbruikte kernafvalbrandstof (SFM) is kompleks. Hierdie artikel identifiseer drie SFM-opsies: Herprosessering en herwinning, direkte verwydering, en onbepaalde berging. Vanuit die sensitiewe kwessies wat die SFM-opsies beinvloed, word n raamwerk ontwikkel waarmee n voorkeuropsie vir Suid-Afrika daargestel word. Die raamwerk bestaan uit evalueringskriteria wat in nege dimensies gerangskik word: tegnologies, veiligheid, omgewing, proliferasie, sekuriteit, ekonomies, sosio-polities, eties, en institusioneel. Die omvang van die raamwerk dui daarop dat SFM opsies tot so n stand ontwikkel het dat Suid Afrika n ingeligte beleidsbesluit kan neem oor die strategie wat hy sou wou volg.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7166/19-2-90

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