Bontle Tladi, Kgabo Mokgohloa, A Bignotti


The evolution of design has seen shifts towards more co-creation-based practice. This is not an entirely new development, as there has been a growing recognition and adoption of user-centred themes and terms such as co-design and human-centred design, among others. The ways of ‘doing’ such practices are becoming well-documented and presented through various tools and techniques; however, what kind of ‘being’ supports this? The paper reviews indigenous research methodologies (IRM) to propose the dimensions of a more relational framework of design. It reviews the 4Rs of indigenous research methodologies to propose five areas (expanded into eight dimensions) for a more relational framework of design. These dimensions can also support a way of ‘being’ that can guide the approach towards more co-creative thought and practice when ‘doing’ design. These dimensions can further support efforts to understand and to develop approaches that respond to the decolonisation and indigenisation of the design process.


co-creative design; indigenous research methodologies; designer embodiment; decolonisation and indigenisation

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