METHODOLOGY TO PRODUCE A WATER AND ENERGY STREAM MAP (WESM) IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

Edward Davies, Karl R Van der Merwe

Abstract


The increasing demand for water and energy in South Africa, and the capacity constraints and restrictions of both resources, have led to a rapid increase in their cost. The manufacturing industry remains South Africa’s third-largest consumer of water and second- largest consumer of national energy. The improvement of water and energy efficiency is becoming an increasingly important theme for both organisational success and national economic sustainability. This paper presents the ‘lean based water and energy stream mapping framework’ developed for the manufacturing industry, with the specific objective of decreasing its water and energy intensity. As with the traditional value stream mapping tool, the water and energy stream mapping focuses on eliminating water- and energy-specific wastes within a process. Water and energy waste categories that will be used in conjunction with the framework will also be discussed. The key objective of this paper is to detail the process of creating the water and energy stream mapping, and the statistical forecasting methodology used to develop the baseline water and energy demand data. The outcome of the implementation of the framework is the future state water and energy stream mapping, which is effectively a blueprint for increased water and energy efficiency within a studied process. 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7166/27-3-1657

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Copyright (c) 2016 Edward Davies, Karl R Van der Merwe


ISSN 2224-7890 (on-line) ; ISSN 1012-277X (print)


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