CREATIVITY AND EUREKA IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

J. L. Steyn, A.J. Buys

Abstract


ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Creativity theory started out on a scientific basis at the beginning of the 20th century; but then the scope broadened and inquiry became more multidisciplinary. In this article it is shown how the current demand for creativity in science and engineering grows faster than the understanding of it. As a result, the broad definition of creativity is refocused on science and engineering by considering its evolutionary roots. Based on an overview of the work of scientists and engineers, a unified theoretical framework for creativity is proposed, and the systemic approach to awareness and creativity is affirmed. This approach the theoretical framework and the core of current creativity knowledge is then used to derive a fresh layer of theory that is anchored in the literature and industrial experience.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die teorie van kreatiwiteit het by die aanvang van die vorige eeu op n wetenskaplike grondslag begin. Die bestek het toe uitgebrei en mettertyd meer multidissiplin geword. In hierdie artikel word getoon hoedat die hedendaagse vraag na die kreatiwiteit van wetenskaplikes en ingenieurs vinniger groei as die begrip daarvan. Die brekreatiwiteits-definisie word, gevolglik, opnuut gefokus op wetenskap en ingenieurswese deur die evolusione wortels daarvan te beskou. Gebaseer op n oorsigtelike beskrywing van die werk van wetenskaplikes en ingenieurs, word n verenigde raamwerk vir kreatiwiteit voorgestel, en die sistemiese benadering tot bewussyn en kreatiwiteit word bevestig. Hierdie benadering die teoretiese raamwerk en die kern van huidige kennis oor kreatiwiteit word dan gebruik om n vars teoretiese laag af te lei wat in die literatuur sowel as in nywerheidservaring geanker is.

Keywords


THE ROOTS OF TECHNICAL CREATIVITY; development of technology; THEORY DEVELOPMENT; TRANSITIONS IN CREATIVITY

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7166/22-2-11

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